Dark Energy by Miao Li, Xiao-Dong Li, Shuang Wang, Yi Wang
By Miao Li, Xiao-Dong Li, Shuang Wang, Yi Wang
This e-book introduces the present nation of study on darkish strength. It involves 3 components. the 1st half is for initial wisdom, together with common relativity, smooth cosmology, and so forth. the second one half studies significant theoretical rules and versions of darkish power. The 3rd half reports a few observational and numerical works. the purpose of this booklet is to supply a enough point of realizing of darkish strength difficulties, in order that the reader can either get conversant in this quarter fast and likewise be ready to take on the medical literature in this topic. it will likely be helpful for graduate scholars and researchers who're drawn to darkish strength.
Read Online or Download Dark Energy PDF
Best gravity books
"Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology" have constructed into vital and fruitful learn parts with a hitherto unprecented public curiosity. The yr 2005, which marked the a centesimal anniversary of the 'annus mirabilis', that yr during which Albert Einstein released 3 of his most vital medical papers, used to be the correct chance to study and to give the present clinical realizing of relativistic themes together with cosmological versions, cosmology comparable measurements, the massive scale homes of the Universe, darkish topic and darkish power, the speculation of gravity, black holes, idea and measurements, lively galactic nuclei, clusters of galaxies, jets.
Die Lehrbücher "Theoretische Physik für Studierende des Lehramts 1 und 2" haben zum Ziel, zukünftigen Physiklehrern/innen die Grundlagen der theoretischen Physik zu vermitteln mit besonderer Betonung der für das fitness center wichtigen Gebiete: Quantenmechanik, spezielle Relativitätstheorie und Elektrodynamik.
Supplying a complete, pedagogical creation to scattering amplitudes in gauge conception and gravity, this publication is perfect for graduate scholars and researchers. It deals a soft transition from simple wisdom of quantum box idea to the frontier of recent study. development on simple quantum box concept, the publication starts off with an advent to the spinor helicity formalism within the context of Feynman ideas for tree-level amplitudes.
- Birth of the Universe and Fundamental Physics: Proceedings of the International Workshop Held in Rome, Italy, 18-21 May 1994
- Alternatives to Dark Matter and Dark Energy
- The Classical Theory of Fields. The Classical Theory of Fields
- The Physics of Galaxy Formation
Extra info for Dark Energy
29–42.  G. de Vaucouleurs, ApJ. 268 (1983) 468 ; Nature (London) 299 (1982) 303.  P. J. E. Peebles, ApJ. 284 (1984) 439.  M. S. Turner, G. Steigman, and L. M. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52 (1984) 2090.  A. D. Dolgov, in Cambridge 1982, Proceedings, The Very Early Universe, pp. 449–458.  J. J. van der Bij, H. van Dam, and Y. J. Ng, Physica A 116 (1982) 307.  W. G. Unruh, Phys. Rev. D 40 (1989) 1048.  G. F. R. 1196.  T. 2476. page 41 July 31, 2014 13:48 42 BC: 9293 – Dark Energy 5 chap5 Weinberg’s Classification  B.
Rel. Grav. 39 (2007) 307. E. V. Linder, Rept. Prog. Phys. 71 (2008) 056901. J. Frieman, M. Turner, and D. Huterer, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 46 (2008) 385. R. Durrer and R. 4132. S. 1493. Y. Wang, Dark Energy (Wiley-VCH, 2010). V. Sahni, A. Starobinsky, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 9 (2000) 373; S. M. Carroll, Living Rev. Rel. 4 (2001) 1; V. Sahni, Lect. Notes. Phys. 653 (2004) 141; J. A. S. Lima, BJP, 34 (2004) 1; D. H. Weinberg, New. Astron. Rev. 49 (2005) 337; N. Straumann, Mod. Phys. Lett. A 21 (2006) 1083; M.
We start with a brief history of the dark energy problem in chronological order [3, 15]. 1917 : Einstein added a cosmological constant term in his ﬁeld equations, for the following reasons: ﬁrstly, for isolated mass not to impose a structure on space at inﬁnity in a closed universe; secondly to obtain a static universe . 1920s: Pauli realized that for a radiation ﬁeld the vacuum energy is too large to gravitate. As we shall review, the vacuum energy density of a radiation ﬁeld is proportional to the cutoﬀ to the fourth power.