Crossing the Line: Women's Interracial Activism in South by Cherisse Jones-Branch
By Cherisse Jones-Branch
“Combines a extraordinary volume of shut study with a deep knowing of the function of gender within the making of the liberty fight. This ebook will carry a spot of honor at the starting to be shelf of scholarship at the circulation in South Carolina.”—W. Scott Poole, writer of Monsters in the USA: Our old Obsession with the Hideous and the Haunting
“Rediscovering attention-grabbing black and white ladies, Jones-Branch thoughtfully analyzes how they endeavored to alter South Carolina’s racial climate.”—Marcia G. Synnott, writer of The Half-Opened Door: Discrimination and Admissions at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, 1900–1970
Although they have been familiar with a segregated society, many girls in South Carolina—both black and white, either separately and collectively—worked to alter their state’s unequal racial establishment. during this quantity, Cherisse Jones-Branch explores the early activism of black ladies in corporations together with the NAACP, the South Carolina revolutionary Democratic get together, and the South Carolina Federation of coloured Women’s golf equipment. while, she discusses the involvement of white ladies in such teams because the YWCA and Church girls United. Their agendas usually conflicted and their makes an attempt at interracial activism have been frequently futile, yet those black and white ladies had an identical aim: to enhance black South Carolinians’ entry to political and academic institutions.
Examining the tumultuous years in the course of and after global conflict II, Jones-Branch contends that those girls are the unsung heroes of South Carolina’s civil rights historical past. Their efforts to move the racial divide in South Carolina helped set the basis for the wider civil rights stream of the Sixties and 1970s.
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Extra info for Crossing the Line: Women's Interracial Activism in South Carolina during and after World War II
Vocational education was most often located in predominantly African American schools, and the sentiment of the time was such that school administrators, who were mostly white, did not see the need for more substantial training for South Carolina blacks. It also appears that black and white women differed in their opinions on the use of federal aid for education. ” However, black women and many black South Carolinians wanted not only improvements in black schools but also access to predominantly white ones.
And, some of the Winthrop YWCA members’ increased interest in racial activism and the likelihood of working with African American students, particularly males, did much to heighten the southern whites’ fears of any challenge to South Carolina’s racial hierarchy. 36 · Crossing the Line After much consideration, Winthrop College disbanded its YWCA and reorganized as the Winthrop Christian Association in September 1947. 134 It also meant writing a new constitution that excluded any references to racial harmony and focused instead on the less controversial benefits of Christian harmony.
These women often cooperated with white women leaders like Mary E. Frayser, chairman of the Planning Committee, who formed a “Leisure Time” committee to support the development of state parks and to establish municipal playgrounds for blacks. 75 Even as they sought solutions to South Carolina’s racial problems through the SCCIC, some black women questioned whites’ commitment to substantial and lasting change. Modjeska Simkins recalled that some white SCCIC members were “well-meaning people, but for the most part they were paternalistic.