Creating the European Area of Higher Education: Voices from by Voldemar Tomusk (auth.), Voldemar Tomusk (eds.)

By Voldemar Tomusk (auth.), Voldemar Tomusk (eds.)

Since 1999 eu better schooling has been engaged within the so much radical reform obvious in the course of its 900 years of historical past. Out of the generally various nationwide larger schooling structures and sub-systems a typical eu greater schooling sector is being created. This technique, pushed by way of the nice principles of creating federal Europe, is stuffed with tensions and conflicts frequently neglected within the legitimate discourse. increasing the venture way past the borders of the ecu Union created the trouble that rather filthy rich and top of the range universities within the Western half locate themselves side-by-side with a lot poorer universities of occasionally questionable caliber in different components of the continent. This has ended in the increase of many debatable matters, as a number of the sponsors of the method, rather the ecu fee, see foreign competitiveness of eu universities as its most vital target. the method is being perceived as following the good judgment of re-design of ecu wisdom items for the needs of the realm markets and likely components of the creation procedure. collage groups - educational employees and scholars - besides the fact that, occasionally think that such an procedure would possibly not in basic terms hold the specter of compromising their very important pursuits but in addition demand the revision of the foundations of educational autonomy as understood in Europe because the early nineteenth century.

This quantity brings jointly a gaggle of upper schooling researchers throughout Europe and appears into the implementation of the Bologna method within the international locations usually attributed a peripheral prestige. even though it can be noticeable that if the method has a middle, it stands exterior to better schooling platforms and universities it issues. you possibly can very likely locate it both in Brussels or around the Atlantic within the usa, across the world perceived because the major competitor to eu better schooling. as well as cultural and political concerns the ecu greater schooling venture faces in quite a few nations, the amount will pay specific consciousness to the position of scholars in addition to the altering place of the intellectuals below its effect.

'This is a crucial e-book on a principal subject at a tremendous time. it truly is discovered within the top feel, eminently readable and that throughout many various degrees. it's also caustic, deeply ironic and passionate and since passionate, unswervingly provocative.'

Professor man Neave, Professor of Comparative better schooling coverage reports at CHEPS, Universiteit Twente, Netherlands and Director of analysis on the overseas organization of Universities, Paris, France.

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There is ample reference to the Bologna Process when the issue of degree structure reform is being discussed, but based on international comparisons the Commission concluded that Norwegian higher education was better off than many other European countries when it comes to international compatibility. The major deviance in the former degree structure was the lengthy higher degree course offered by universities, as well as the limited freedom of students to choose between study programmes and institutions during their studies (KUF 2001).

TRANSLATING BOLOGNA IN THE PUBLIC DEBATE ON HIGHER EDUCATION? In recent public debates on the reform of higher education, which have primarily focused on the ‘marketisation’ of universities, a typical headline might be ‘Freedom to be run by market forces’ (Hansen and Midré 2000). This debate gained even more momentum in 2003 when another government commission proposed a change in the legal status of universities and colleges (NOU 2003). The discussion of the element of European con-vergence in the reforms—the introduction of the new degree structure, the new grading scale and ECTS—was eclipsed in the public debates that the Mjøs Commission’s report and the subsequent White Paper aroused.

The high dropout rate from higher education—dropping out of higher education has been a consistent topic in Finnish higher education policymaking. It has been defined a problem both at the system and at the individual levels. Basically, this is a question of selection for higher education, as well as the social reproduction of society through education. It was assumed that the Bologna Process would decrease the number of dropouts because the chance of students receiving a degree would increase.

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