Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach (Core Linguistics) by David Adger
By David Adger
This can be an advent to the constitution of sentences in human languages. It assumes no past wisdom of linguistic conception and little of ordinary grammar. it is going to swimsuit scholars coming to syntactic idea for the 1st time both as graduates or undergraduates. it's going to even be precious for these in fields corresponding to computational technology, man made intelligence, or cognitive psychology who want a sound wisdom of present syntactic conception.
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Extra info for Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach (Core Linguistics)
The words you and yourself are said to be coreferential, since they both refer to the same person. Other examples of expressions that can be coreferential are Anson and he in the following sentences: (4) Anson thought that he had bought the paint stripper (5) I asked Anson if he was happy In (4) and (5), the pronoun he appears to take on its meaning via the expression Anson. In these particular sentences, another reading is also possible. he can refer to someone else entirely, just as she does in (6): (6) The boy thought she was happy.
Exercise 2 — Imperatives This exercise draws upon the (admittedly incomplete) hypothesis developed in the last exercise. It involves structures like the following, known as imperatives: (1) Close the door! (2) Eat dirt! (3) Know yourself! The interesting thing about these examples, is that they appear to have something missing. Compare these sentences to the following ones: (4) Frieda closed the door (5) Kane ate dirt. Traditionally, these sentences are said to have missing subjects (this is a notion we’ll come back to).
Explain how the new data doesn’t immediately follow, and revise grammar B by adding a new hypothesis to fix it. Task 5: Now explain which of the two grammars is preferable, and why. CHAPTER 2. 2: The notion of features in syntax derives from work on features in phonology. See Chomsky and Halle (1968) for discussion and further references. Matthews (1974) gives an overview of many of the kinds of morphological processes that are found in languages. For a more detailed overview of issues in morphology see the papers in Spencer and Zwicky (1998).