Convergence Cohesion and Integration in the European Union by R. Leonardi

By R. Leonardi

Tackling the basic theoretical and empirical concerns underlying the method of ecu integration, this ebook provides simple arguments. the 1st is that monetary convergence in post-war Europe has decreased the disparities among areas and that this has been an immense accelerator of the force for integration. the second one is that, unlike the placement prior to 1985 while the kingdom states ruled the movement to integration, grass-roots strain and industry forces were the deciding upon elements.

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Hodges (1981: 1) cites Robert Marjolin who stated that the goal of the convergence of economic policies is just a 'pious wish' and not a concrete expectation. In the 1989 Delors Report the most widely shared view was that the weaker economies ran the risk of being net losers from integration. The question of cohesion has also been raised with regard to other large, integrated markets in economic convergence literature. See Barro, 1991; Barro and Sala-i-Martin, 1990; de la Dehesa and Krugman, 1992.

35), during the 1960s and 1970s growth rates in southern Europe 'exceeded those in most major advanced capitalist nations, particularly in manufacturing, as Southern Europe assumed greater significance within the changing international division of labour'. In a similar manner, Allan Williams (1984, p. '. " Today these theoretical approaches seem out of place, given the spectacular growth rates registered in Spain in the mid-1980s and Portugal at the end of the 1980s, and the support demonstrated by the general public for European integration.

Leonardi, The Stale of Economic and Social Cohesion in the Community Prior to the Creation of the Single Market: The View from the Dollom-Up (Brussels: Commission of the European Communities), Chapter 3. Cardoso, A. R. ', Applied Economics, vol. 25, pp. 1093-100. CEC (1973) Report on Regional Problems in the Enlarged Community (Brussels: Commission of the European Communities). CEC (1981) LeRegioni d'Europa: Prima relazioneperiodica sulla siluazione social* ed economica nelle regioni della Comunild Europea (Luxembourg: Office of Official Publications of the European Communities).

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