Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax, Volume 30 by Erhard Hinrichs, Brian Joseph, Andreas Kathol, Carl Pollard,
By Erhard Hinrichs, Brian Joseph, Andreas Kathol, Carl Pollard, Tsuneko Nakazawa
Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax collects contemporary study in advanced predicates inside a number of languages, corresponding to German, Dutch, Italian, French, Korean, and Urdu. spotting that complicated predicates is among the such a lot lively examine parts in nonderivational theories of grammar, members concentrate on diversified points of advanced predicate phenomena, together with order edition, constituency family, interactions with different development kinds, argument kinfolk, and the syntax–morphology interface. Their focus on problems with linguistically sufficient description open those articles to these drawn to syntax, semantics, morphology, computational linguistics, and average language processing. Key positive aspects * Essays written by way of the top researchers within the box, together with Ivan Sag * Makes the clearest and such a lot complicated assertion up to now approximately complicated predicates
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Additional resources for Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax, Volume 30 (Syntax and Semantics)
Impersonal si constructions and the passivization of unergatives. Linguistic Inquiry. Emonds, J. (1978). The verbal complex V'-V in French. Linguistic Inquiry 9, 151-175. , and I. A. Sag (1995). Reflexivization and Transitivity in French. Paper presented at annual meeting of the LSA, New Orleans. Grevisse, M. (1969). Le Bon Usage. Duculot, Liege. Grimshaw, J. (1982). On the lexical representation of romance reflexive clitics. In J. ), The Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations, 87-148. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
However, whereas medio-passives are always intransitive (see below), true reflexives are somewhat more complicated, as we will explain. We make use of two main criteria for transitivity: impersonal and causative constructions. If a given verb alternates with an impersonal verb and makes the causee appear as an accusative NP (in the composition causative), then that verb is intransitive. For A-speakers, who accept them as complements of FAIRE, true reflexives with an accusative affix are intransitive, since they cooccur with an unmarked causee (as in (42a)) and alternate with an impersonal verb:31 (50) a.
This is the main topic of the current paper. In the next section, we introduce the German data and discuss the analysis of Hinrichs and Nakazawa (1989, 1994) as well as a number of related approaches. Next, we present our analysis of German. It uses a general HEAD-COMPLEMENT schema in conjunction with linear precedence statements. We demonstrate that the proposed set of LP-statements accounts for all ordering possibilities encountered in the German verb cluster. Furthermore, we argue that our analysis leads to an improved account of partial VP fronting (Nerbonne, 1994).