Comparative studies in word order variation: adverbs, by Christopher Laenzlinger
By Christopher Laenzlinger
Addresses the query of be aware order edition in Romance languages - particularly French - and in Germanic languages - in particular German. The theoretical framework followed is the "Principles & Parameters idea of Transformational Generative Grammar". The empirical contribution of this ebook is to regard 3 linguistically specific phenomena - adverbs, pronouns and clause constitution - in typologically designated periods of languages. the 2 major theoretical thoughts explored are: a version of Checking idea containing rules and parameters; and a brand new belief of word constitution inside of X-Theory.
Read or Download Comparative studies in word order variation: adverbs, pronouns, and clause structure in Romance and Germanic PDF
Best grammar books
This totally revised moment variation of Swedish: an important grammar accommodates the alterations proposed to the Swedish grammar through Svenska Akademiens Grammatik. All examples were totally up-to-date, the bibliography has been improved and a couple of tables clarified.
Swedish: an important grammar offers a clean and obtainable description of the language. it truly is compatible for self reliant research or for class-based scholars. the reasons are freed from jargon and emphasis has been positioned within the parts of Swedish that pose a specific problem for English-speaking learners.
Studying approximately Language is an exhilarating and impressive sequence of introductions to primary subject matters in language, linguistics and similar components. The books are designed for college students of linguistics and people who are learning language as a part of a much broader path. Cognitive Linguistics explores the concept that language displays our event of the realm.
Over the past twenty years, useful heads were one of many privileged gadgets of study in generative linguistics. in spite of the fact that, inside of this line of inquiry, substitute ways have constructed: whereas the cartographic undertaking considers crosslinguistic facts as the most important for an entire mapping of practical heads in common grammar, minimalist debts are likely to ponder structural economic system as actually concerning a discount within the variety of on hand heads.
- Cleft Structures
- The Book of Spells and Misspells
- Language Description Informed by Theory
- Catalan: A Comprehensive Grammar
- Grammar Rules!: For Students, Parents, & Teachers : A Straightforward Approach to Basic English Grammar and Writing Skills
Extra info for Comparative studies in word order variation: adverbs, pronouns, and clause structure in Romance and Germanic
Only adjunction is adopted by Chomsky (1993, 1995) and is further restricted to left-adj unction follow ing the proposal by Kayne (1989b, 1994). In chapter 3, I also make a distinction between two types of incorporation, as far as cliticization is con cerned. There is incorporation (i) by free adjunction or (ii) by selection. Only selected incorporation requires an adjacency configuration between the incorporee and its host. Α-movement consists of moving a DP from its θ-related position to a Case/agreement position (see Rizzi (1991b) for a definition of A-positions as Case and agreement-related positions).
Jean a vraiment/réeHement embrassé Marie. Jean has truly/ kissed Marie 'Jean truly/ kissed Mary' b. Jean a beaucoup mangé. eaten Jean has much 'Jean ate a lot' 46 CHAPTER 2. THE SYNTAX OF ADVERBS c. Jean a presque mangé toute la pomme. the apple Jean has nearly eaten all 'Jean nearly ate the whole apple' The other VP-adverbs in (7) are circumstantial adverbs (manner ad verbs, result adverbs, instrument adverbs, etc). Adverbs with narrow scope over the verb, as in (15a), are distinct from those with 'wide' scope over the verb and its complement, as in (15b).
G. no operator-variable relation is involved). Α-movement can be an operation of substitution or adjunction. Move ment by substitution targets a specifier position, whereas movement by adjunction targets some maximal projection within the clause. In the the oretical framework adopted for this research, adjunction is eliminated from the theory of phrase structure. Thus, Α-movement is always substitution for a specifier position. A further distinction can be made between two types of Α-specifier positions: quantificational Α-specifiers and qualificational A-specifiers.