Comparative Pathobiology: Volume 3 Invertebrate Immune by Robert S. Anderson (auth.), Lee A. Bulla Jr., Thomas C.

By Robert S. Anderson (auth.), Lee A. Bulla Jr., Thomas C. Cheng (eds.)

This represents the 3rd quantity of the sequence entitled Comparative PathobioZogy. The chapters incorporated signify the lawsuits of a symposium held at Oregon country college, Corvallis, on August 16-22, 1975. The symposium used to be co-sponsored by way of the Society for Invertebrate Pathology (SIP) and the yankee Society of Zoologists (ASZ). lately there was a powerful elevate in curiosity in comparative immunology, i. e. , a comparative method of knowing how animals, either vertebrates and invertebrates, protect themselves opposed to nonself fabrics. Ever considering Metchnikoff's pioneering reviews in the course of the past due l800s at the position of phagocytes of invertebrates, which resulted in his idea of mobile immunity, invertebrates were hired with expanding fre­ quency for learning mobile security. therefore, it isn't staggering that incorporated within the memberships of SIP and ASZ are a good number of people with an energetic curiosity during this region of study. As indicated via the chapters integrated during this quantity, the animal versions hired were essentially molluscs and bugs, even if crustaceans and annelids have additionally been popular.

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This finding, plus our earlier more detailed interpretation of electron microscopical findings (Cheng and Cali, 1974; Cheng, 1975), especially the latter, are supported by the demonstration that there is an increase in the amount of glycogen in the serum following phagocytosis of bacteria. , at 24 hr in the case of body tissues, 72 hr in the case of sera, and 16 hr in the case of hemolymph cells (Fig. 1). Glycogen, however, is still released from the phagocytes after 16 hr postinjection. This is indicated by the simultaneous drop in radioactivity associated with the glycogen of hemolymph cell origin from 16 to 24 hr post-injection and the initial appearance at 24 hr post-injection of radioactivity in sera associated with the glycog~~ of bacterial origin (Fig.

FENG, AND T. YAMASU Fig. 6. An oyster granular amoebocyte containing Type C' granules (C'). Note also the presence of centriole (Ce), Golgi apparatus {G),and relatively large mitochondria. X 24,500. Fig. 7. , bacteria are not introduced experimentally into the oyster. Phagocytic vacuole (V), Type B granules (B), Golgi apparatus (G), vesicles of rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum are seen. X 20,500. ROLES OF M. G/GAS BLOOD CELLS 45 46 Fig. 8. Y. FENG. S. FENG. AND T. YAMASU Acid phosphatose preparation of an oyster granular amoebocyte demonstrating several phagocytic vacuoles with ingested bacteria that were introduced experimentally using an in vitpo system described in the text.

Functional and metabolic properties of polymorphonuclear leucocytes. I. Observations on the requirements and consequences of particle ingestion. J. Exp. ~ Ill, 661-681. , and Good, R. A. (1912a). A starfish hemolymph factor which activates vertebrate complement in the presence of cobra venom factor. J. ~ 109, 164-161. Day, N. K. , Good, R. , and Muller-Eberhard, H. J. E1912b). "C3 Proactivator" in starfish hemolymph. "'ed. Pztoo. ~ 31, 188 Abstr. Fuke::M. , and Sugai, T. (1912). Studies on the naturally occurring hemagglutinin in the coelomic fluid of an Ascidian ..

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