Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd by Robert S. P. Beekes (Revised and corrected by Michiel de
By Robert S. P. Beekes (Revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan)
This ebook supplies a accomplished creation to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It begins with a presentation of the languages of the family members (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and foundation of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language swap and the tools of reconstruction of older language phases, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). an entire description is given of the sound alterations, which makes it attainable to persist with the beginning of the several Indo-European languages step-by-step. this is often through a dialogue of the improvement of all of the morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European. The e-book offers the most recent in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic concept, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the therapy. The textual content of this moment variation has been corrected and up to date via Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new routines permit the coed to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.
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Additional info for Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd ed)
The comparative linguistics of this family is just as old as that of the Indo-European group, but these languages only began to be recorded much more recently. 6. altaic consists of five groups: (a) The Turkish languages in West and Central Asia, such as Uzbek and Tatar: (Osmanli) Turkic came into Turkey itself in the (eleventh to) fourteenth centuries. (b) About ten Mongolian languages. (c) The Manchu-Tungusic languages of Eastern Siberia. Manchu was, until 1912, the official language of the civil service in China.
This last group includes many of the languages spoken in Tibet (such as Tibetan), Assam and Burma (Burmese). 10. austro-asiatic comprises a group of related languages which are found between Eastern India and Vietnam. Among these are the Munda languages of Eastern India, the Mon-Khmer languages (for example, Cambodian), Viet-Muong, among which Vietnamese itself, and the Asli languages spoken on Malacca. 11. To the austro-thai group belongs Tai-Kadai (among which Thai itself) and the austronesian (or Malay-Polynesian) family.
Christianity spread across Europe because it was willing to learn and use the existing languages – 11 – 12 Comparative Indo-European Linguistics of many different peoples; and it was not long before religious and later secular literature followed in the wake of the many translations of the Bible that were made at that time. It is for this reason that our knowledge of Gothic, Irish, Armenian and Old Church Slavonic is based, in the first instance, on Christian texts. The spread of writing meant that a number of languages were written down for the first time, which makes linguistic research possible.