Comparative Analyses of Ecosystems: Patterns, Mechanisms, by David L. Strayer (auth.), Jonathan Cole, Gary Lovett, Stuart
By David L. Strayer (auth.), Jonathan Cole, Gary Lovett, Stuart Findlay (eds.)
Arising from the 3rd Cary convention held in 1989, Comparative Analyses of Ecosystems investigates the software and barriers of cross-system comparisons in ecology. The individuals, all recognized of their box, help their conclusions at the use and which means of such comparisons by way of proposing novel analyses of knowledge using numerous cross-system techniques in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial systems.
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Extra info for Comparative Analyses of Ecosystems: Patterns, Mechanisms, and Theories
6). Individual ecological studies are expensive, so sample sizes (ecosystem numbers) are often low, so that the statistical power of comparisons in anyone study is often weak. , Connell 1983; Schoener 1983), more frequent use of the synthetic methods of meta-analysis would add rigor to our syntheses. , Wachter 1988) is leading to rapid, critical development of better ones. The earliest methods, derived from Fisher's (1932) and Pearson's (1933) combined tests, sought to draw a quantitative consensus regarding the overall statistical significance of several independent tests.
More frequently, however, differences among the ecosystems in which experiments are performed make it necessary for manipulations to be performed slightly differently in different ecosystems. 6). 6). Results of ecological studies are rarely clear cut enough that statistical analysis is not needed. In addition, interecosystem comparisons are necessarily made in many dimensions (it is the nature of the beast), and psychologists have shown that human observers are inefficient in making multivariate judgments (Nisbett and Ross 1980).
Stockholm) 20:425448. L. A. Scoullar. (1981). Between-site comparisons of carbon flux in tundra using simulation models. C. W. J. Moore, eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 685-715. J. (1960). Biological flora of the British Isles. Nardus stricta L. J. Ecol. 48:225-267. C. D. 1. Coyne. (1980). Carbon and nutrient budgets and their control in coastal tundra. In: An Arctic Ecosystem, the Coastal Tundra at Barrow, Alaska, J. C. L. L. Bunnel, eds. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg, pp.