Cognitive Linguistics in Action: From Theory to Application by Michal Choinski, Elzbieta Tabakowska, Lukasz Wiraszka

By Michal Choinski, Elzbieta Tabakowska, Lukasz Wiraszka

The ebook gathers papers delineating new views for Cognitive Linguistics study. whereas fashionable students reveal how software can tell conception, their more youthful colleagues turn out the worth of CL methodologies in novel functions. The booklet is usually of use to students of alternative disciplines, resembling discourse and translation reports, theology, rhetoric, speech treatment and so forth.

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The relevance-theoretic distinction between explicatures and implicatures is a clear case in point. Ruiz de Mendoza and Pe´rez (2003) have made this inferential pragmatics distinction compatible with Lako¤’s notion of idealized cognitive model. The explicatures of an utterance are the result of a number of cognitive operations like expansion or reduction, whereby, due to metonymy, the utterance meaning can be associated with ‘‘more’’ meaning (expansion) or with ‘‘less’’ meaning (reduction). Implicatures are enabled by the processes of correlation or resemblance, which are forms of metaphor.

In Section 5 we will discuss the solution Construction Grammar o¤ers for this, then evaluate Langacker’s view of it, and suggest other solutions. But first we must refer to the other major point of disagreement between Langacker’s Cognitive Grammar and construction grammar models, especially Radical Construction Grammar, which is the status of grammatical categories like noun, verb, subject, and direct object. e. ’’ Linguistic expressions that profile things are, prototypically, nouns, pronouns, determiners, and higher-order expressions such as full noun phrases.

In other words, metaphors and metonymies are seen as basically conceptual processes, which subsequently find expression in a number of concrete forms, both verbal and non-verbal. From a linguistic viewpoint, however, the problem is that a given linguistic form is usually linked to various conceptual categories such that the form seems to trigger o¤ or create the conceptual links between these categories, which might not be there without the linguistic form. In theory, one cannot fully ignore the impact of the linguistic form on the coherence between diverse metaphorical conceptualizations.

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