Cognitive Approaches to Tense, Aspect, and Epistemic by Adeline Patard, Frank Brisard

By Adeline Patard, Frank Brisard

This quantity addresses difficulties of semantics in regards to the research of stressful and element (TA) markers in quite a few languages, together with Arabic, Croatian, English, French, German, Russian, Thai, and Turkish. Its major curiosity is going out to epistemic makes use of of such markers, wherein epistemic modality is known as indicating “a measure of compatibility among the modal global and the genuine global” (Declerck). All contributions, additionally, take on those difficulties from a kind of cognitive perspective, with a few of them insisting at the have to supply a unifying cause of all utilization forms, temporal and non-temporal, and them all accepting the basis that the semantics of TA different types primarily refers to subjective, instead of target, issues. the amount additionally represents one of many first makes an attempt to collect money owed of TA marking (in a variety of languages) which are explicitly set in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. eventually, this quantity goals to give a contribution to developing an information that modal which means components are at once correct to the research of the grammar of time.

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I have suggested that its “naïve” characterization, as indicating coincidence with the time of speaking, is basically valid. This account has been criticized by Brisard (1999, 2001, 2002), who has argued in general against time-line  Ronald W. Langacker descriptions of tense, proposing in particular that the English present is best characterized as having a kind of modal import, which I will refer to as epistemic immediacy. (1) a.  [present] b. I get home last night and find a note on my door.

6 (37) [I didn’t go to the party, so I don’t know if I would’ve become as drunk as you all appear to have been. In fact, I’m afraid] I would’ve been drunk too, unless I’d had my wife with me. (38) [It seemed unlikely that such a frail woman would have been capable of strangling her husband. However] if it had been her, the clues that would have been left would have been exactly the same as those we did find. ] If the door had been locked, the burglar would first have tried to open a window, [and that would explain why we found those footprints in the flower-beds] (40) [If you’re naughty, a wild dog might come in and] it would eat you.

1985, A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language, London: Longman. The English present Temporal coincidence vs. epistemic immediacy Ronald W. Langacker University of California at San Diego Two accounts of the English present are outlined and compared: one that treats it as tense, indicating coincidence with the time of speaking; and one that treats it as modality, indicating epistemic immediacy. Well-known problems with a time-based account are overcome in a conceptual semantic description that makes explicit the mental constructions invoked in non-present uses.

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