Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of by Carrie Friese

By Carrie Friese

The flora and fauna is marked by means of an ever-increasing lack of various habitats, an increasing number of species extinctions, and an entire variety of latest forms of dilemmas posed by way of worldwide warming. even as, people also are operating to actively form this wildlife via modern bioscience and biotechnology. In Cloning Wild Life, Carrie Friese posits that cloned endangered animals in zoos sit down on the apex of those developments, as people search a systematic technique to environmental hindrance. frequently fraught with controversy, cloning applied sciences, Friese argues, considerably have an effect on our conceptualizations of and engagements with flora and fauna and nature.
 
By learning animals at assorted destinations, Friese explores the human practices surrounding the cloning of endangered animals. She visits zoos—the San Diego Zoological Park, the Audubon heart in New Orleans, and the Zoological Society of London—to see cloning and comparable practices in motion, in addition to attending educational and clinical meetings and interviewing scientists, conservationists, and zookeepers thinking about cloning. eventually, she concludes that the act of recalibrating nature via technology is what such a lot disturbs us approximately cloning animals in captivity, revealing that debates over cloning turn into, in spite of everything, a website of political fight among various human teams. additionally, Friese explores the results of the social position that animals on the zoo play within the first place—how they're seen, fed on, and utilized by people for our personal wishes. a special learn uniting sociology and the learn of technological know-how and expertise, Cloning Wild Life demonstrates simply how a lot bioscience reproduces and adjustments our rules in regards to the that means of existence itself.

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Additional info for Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals

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Thus, the two species have a history of cohabitation and hybridization. The difference between Florida panthers and Texas pumas is a biological artifact of social processes based on human intervention. What this case shows is that hybrids can be used to reanimate what was once in existence before human interference. But hybridization cannot to be used to create something new through human intervention. 17 The image of hybrids is thereby very much intertwined with domestic animals and domestication.

Debating Cloning >> 25 Chimeras pose a kind of classification conundrum to the biological definition of species, which in turn poses a set of problems for zoos that are engaged in species preservation. Species distinctness is crucial for the official classification of “endangered species,” which relies on the scientific division of different kinds of animals. 9 Counting as part of an “endangered species” matters because this official classification provides certain species with significant legal protections from physical harm.

Here are two examples: So how do they draw a distinction, then, between cloned animals of endangered species and domesticated dogs and cats, which are wards of human goodwill and interest? We’ve genetically modified them down the ages, albeit not by high tech means. But essentially you end up with the same thing. You end up with animals that are domesticated, and are there by virtue of our having taken over their genetic futures. Interview, Field conservationist (April 25, 2006) 40 << Debating Cloning For a while it was so popular and so sexy to do all these assisted reproductive technologies.

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