Clitics in the Languages of Europe by Henk van Riemsdijk
By Henk van Riemsdijk
The sequence is a platform for contributions of all types to this quickly constructing box. common difficulties are studied from the point of view of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened examine of empirical information. particular emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research may perhaps shed new gentle on long-standing difficulties generally linguistics.
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Additional resources for Clitics in the Languages of Europe
Dordrecht: Reidel. Sapir, E. 1930 "Southern Paiute, a Shoshonean Language", Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 65,1. Scalise, S. 1984 Generative Morphology. Dordrecht: Foris. Strozer, J. 1976 Clitics in Spanish. D. Dissertation, UCLA, Los Angeles. Toman, J. 1985 "A Discussion of Coordination and Word-Syntax", in: J. ), Studies in German Grammar. Dordrecht: Foris, 407-432. Travis, L. 1984 Parameters and Effects of Word Order Variation. D. dissertation, ΜΓΓ. Wackernagel, J. 1892 "Über ein Gesetz der Indo-Germanischen Wortstellung", Indogermanische Forschungen 1: 333-436.
The example shows that class I affixes can affect Clitics: A state-of-the-art report 13 stress while class II affixes do not. Similarly, class I prefixes are subject to nasal assimilation while class II prefixes are not. 17 (39) a. b. in+legal in+regular un#lawful un#real illegal/*inlegal irregular/*inregular *ullawful/unlawful *urreal/unreal Importantly, however, clitics cannot be simply identified with one of these two classes of affixes. 18 Nespor and Vogel (1986: 151ff) argue that host+clitic combinations are subject to phonological processes that are different from those operating at the word level.
An example is given in (29). (29) a. dot Jan het hoofdstuk in-deelt. that J. the chapter sub-divides b. Jan deelt het hoofdstuk in. c. *Jan indeelt het hoofdstuk There are also inseparable verbal prefixes. A particularly interesting one is her(re-). (30) a. dat Jan het hoofdstuk her-leest (re-reads). b. Jan her-leest het hoofdstuk. c. *Jan leest het hoofdstuk her Her- is special in that it can attach to verbs with a separable prefix. When it does, verb second can no longer apply in any form. In other words, a defective paradigm results.