Central and East European Politics: From Communism to by Sharon L. Wolchik, Jane L. Curry
By Sharon L. Wolchik, Jane L. Curry
Now in an absolutely up-to-date version, this crucial textual content explores the opposite 1/2 Europe_the new and destiny participants of the eu Union besides the issues and strength they carry to the quarter and to the realm level. transparent and entire, it bargains an authoritative and up to date research of the differences and realities in significant and jap Europe, the Baltics, and Ukraine. Divided into components, the booklet provides a collection of comparative kingdom case reports in addition to thematic chapters on key concerns, together with european and NATO enlargement, the commercial transition and its social ramifications, the position of ladies, power difficulties of ethnicity and nationalism, and political reform. New to this variation is a bankruptcy on Albania. top students give you the ancient context for the present state of affairs of every kingdom within the area. They clarify how communism ended and the way democratic politics has emerged or is suffering to emerge in its wake, how person international locations have remodeled their economies, how their populations were laid low with quick and wrenching swap, and the way international coverage making has developed. for college students and experts alike, this booklet should be a useful source at the newly democratizing states of Europe.
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Extra info for Central and East European Politics: From Communism to Democracy, 2nd Edition
Greater uncertainty as well as far greater choices, coupled with new pressure to perform well at work, increased competition, and the specter of unemployment, all contributed to the stress individuals and families experienced, even among those groups fortunate enough to be able to take advantage of new opportunities. 26 Sharon L. W olchik and Jane L . Curry The Role of International Organizations and Outside Actors In contrast to the interwar period in which outside actors either largely ignored the region (the United States, Great Britain, France) or had designs on it (Italy, Germany, at times the USSR), the international climate has been far more favorable to the success of efforts to create stable democracies and market economies and engineer a return to Europe in the postcommunist period.
5. Lonnie R. Johnson, Central Europe: Enemies, Neighbors, Friends (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996). 6. Andrew Janos, “The One-Party State and Social Mobilization: East Europe between the Wars,” in Authoritarian Politics in Modern Society, ed. Samuel P. Huntington and Clement Henry Moore (New York: Basic Books, 1970), 204–36. 7. Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Soviet Bloc, Unity and Conflict (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1960). 8. See Bartlomiej Kaminski, The Collapse of State Socialism: The Case of Poland (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991) and Valerie Bunce, Subversive Institutions: The Design and Destruction of Socialism and the State (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
In 1990, presidential and parliamentary elections formalized the change of regime agreed upon in 1989. In both the Polish and Hungarian cases, the end of communism reflected a longer-term process of opposition organization and change within the party as well as in the broader society. In East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Romania, the collapse of communism came about suddenly as the result of massive citizen protests. The process began in East Germany where peaceful demonstrations led by activists in several cities gained momentum and became explicitly political once the Hungarians opened their borders and allowed large numbers of East Germans trying to reach West Germany through Hungary to do so.