Catholic Moral Theology in the United States: A History by Charles E. Curran

By Charles E. Curran

During this magisterial quantity, Charles E. Curran surveys the ancient improvement of Catholic ethical theology within the usa from its nineteenth century roots to the current day. He starts off by means of tracing the improvement of pre-Vatican II ethical theology that, aside from social ethics, had the restricted objective of educating destiny confessors to understand what activities are sinful and the measure of sinfulness. Curran then explores and illuminates the post-Vatican II period with chapters at the impression of the Council at the scope and substance of ethical theology, the effect of Humanae vitae, Pope Paul VI's encyclical condemning synthetic birth control, basic ethical theology, sexuality and marriage, bioethics, and social ethics.Curran's standpoint is exclusive: for almost 50 years, he has been an important impression at the improvement of the sector and has witnessed first-hand the dramatic elevate within the quantity and variety of ethical theologians within the academy and the Church. nobody is extra certified to write down this primary and simply entire background of Catholic ethical theology within the usa.

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Yes, moral theology deals with the minimal level of duty, but that is necessary in light of its purpose to train confessors for the sacrament of penance. For the same reason, law and not virtue must be primary in moral theology. Casuistry as well plays a very significant role. 126 Hogan then proposes a radically different understanding of the method of casuistry without ever explicitly disagreeing with the existing approach or with any theologian in particular. Hogan sees rules as standing midway between principles and concrete cases.

The pope can also delegate his authority to the Roman congregations. A true, internal, and religious assent must be given by Catholics to these teachings of the congregations. 114 His third edition does not repeat his earlier criticism of theologians’ and bishops’ having recourse too quickly and too readily to the congregation to solve complex issues. The criticism centers on those individuals making the request and not on the congregations as such. 115 Doubtless Bouquillon has strongly supported the role of the papal teaching office in condemning the errors of the modern world.

In 1890 he drastically augmented the earlier edition, almost doubling its size. 105 From the twelfth century on 24 the nineteenth century he distinguishes three different epochs. The first epoch includes the golden period from the twelfth to the early fourteenth century, which was spurred on by the foundation of universities and religious orders committed to scholarship. The Summa of Thomas Aquinas stands at the apex of this period. The second period, from 1660 to 1830, is a period of change and especially a progressive fall into ruin.

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