Beyond Principles and Parameters: Essays in Memory of by Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts (auth.), Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts
By Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts (auth.), Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts (eds.)
Kyle Johnson collage of Massachusetts at Amherst Ian Roberts college of Stuttgart an enormous bankruptcy within the historical past of syntactic thought opened because the 70's reached their shut. The revolution that Chomsky had delivered to linguistics needed to this aspect engendered theories which remained in the grip of the philologists' construction-based imaginative and prescient. Their snapshot of language as a list of self reliant structures served because the backdrop opposed to which a lot of transformational grammar's specified exploration advanced. In a feeling, the hugely profitable pursuit of th phonology and morphology within the 19 century compared to the absence of comparable leads to syntax (beyond observations comparable to Wackemagel's legislation, and so on. ) attests to this: simply noting that, for instance, French relative clauses let subject-postposing yet now not preposition-stranding whereas English relations don't let the previous yet do let the latter doesn't take us a long way past an easy list of the evidence. ahead of this element, th syntactic concept had no longer stepped forward past the nineteen century scenario. yet because the 80's approached, this snapshot started to cave in to another one: grammar as a puzzle of interlocking "modules," each one made from syntactic rules which cross-cut the philologist's buildings. a growing number of, "constructions" decomposed into the epiphenomenal interaction of encapsulated mini-theories: X idea, Binding thought, Bounding conception, Case idea, Theta idea, and so forth. Syntactic analyses grew to become reoriented towards the dual ambitions of determining the content material of those modules and deconstructing into them the descriptive result of early transformational grammar.
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Extra resources for Beyond Principles and Parameters: Essays in Memory of Osvaldo Jaeggli
The specific examples (66a-b) and (63a-b) correspond to representations (61) and (65a), respectively: CLiTIe-DoUBLED ARGUMENTS (66) a. zeena xallato yruuf'l ~al-madrase la-kariim l4 Z. 3SM to-the-school to-K. ' b. ' 33 Certain binding facts follow in case the analysis outlined in (61)-(65) is adopted. For instance, the surprising fact that the pronoun contained within the preverbal subject can be bound by the doubled element in ECM contexts can now be treated in terms of reconstruction: the preverbal subject reconstructs to its trace position -- below the doubled element.
Suppose, as has been recently proposed by Valois (1991), AP modifiers are adjoined to NP. As the structures in (30)-(31) both involve movement ofN outside the NP projection, we expect AP to always follow N. As both analyses also involve movement of the subject ofN outside the NP in CSN, but not in FN, the placement of the AP after this subject in CSN follows as well. The placement of APs in these analyses is marked with arrows in (30)-(31). 53 DECONSTRUCTING THE CONSTRUCT 5. WORD ORDER IN NOMINALS: NON-PROCESS NOMINALS PROCESS NOMINALS VS.
The following examples provide further illustration of the empirical validity of the generalization in (67): doubled accusatives (68) a. ' b. ' 34 JOSEPH AOUN doubled datives (69) a. far3ayto la-kall walad! ~alemeet-[o], showed. ' b. ~alemeet-[o], la-kall walad! far3ayto showed. ' doubled obliques (70) a. xabbart I-mara yalli htammit fiy-[a], ~anna la-kall bant! told. ' b. xabbart ~anna la-kall bant! I-mara yalli htammit fiy-[aL told. IS about-her to-every girl the-woman that cared. ' 9. OTHER ACCOUNTS OF DOUBLING We are now in a position to briefly discuss various accounts of doubled elements put forward in the relevant literature.