Assessment of Directions in Microgravity and Physical by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Microgravity Research

For thirty years, the NASA microgravity application has used house as a device to check primary stream phenomena which are very important to fields starting from combustion technology to biotechnology. This ebook assesses the previous effect and present prestige of microgravity learn courses in combustion, fluid dynamics, basic physics, and fabrics technology and offers concepts for promising issues of destiny study in each one self-discipline. suggestions is given for atmosphere priorities throughout disciplines by means of assessing each one steered subject by way of the likelihood of its good fortune and the significance of its power impression on medical wisdom and knowing; terrestrial functions and know-how wishes; and NASA expertise wishes. At NASA's request, the e-book additionally comprises an exam of rising learn fields similar to nanotechnology and biophysics, and makes ideas relating to subject matters that will be compatible for integration into NASA's microgravity application.

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J. Fluid Mech. 359: 143-164. A. 2000. Heat-transfer analysis of microfabricated thermocapillary pumping and reaction devices. J. Micromech. Microeng. 10: 42-55. H. 1982. Steady thermocapillary flows in two-dimensional slots. J. Fluid Mech. 121: 163-186. D. 2001. Stability of disconnected free surfaces in a cylindrical container under zero gravity: Simple cases. Phys. Fluids 12: 2800-2808. H. 1983a. Instabilities of dynamic thermocapillary liquid layers. 1. Convective instabilities. J. Fluid Mech.

2. Surface-wave instabilities. J. Fluid Mech. 132: 145-162. , and Mohlmann, D. 1994. Plasma crystal: Coulomb crystallization in a dusty plasma. Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(5): 652-655. A. 2001. Jamming phase diagram for attractive particles. Nature 411: 772-775. L. 1997. Long-wavelength surface-tensiondriven Bénard convection: Experiment and theory. J. Fluid Mech. 345: 45-78. , and Lichter, S. 1998. Capillary flow in an interior corner. J. Fluid Mech. 373: 349-378. N. 1995. Boiling heat transfer in the quenching of a hot tube under microgravity.

Colloids, granular media, and molecular systems can exhibit “jamming,” where crowding of the component particles prevents them from further exploration of the phase space. Recent results suggest that attractive interactions in colloidal systems may have the same jamming effect as confining pressure in granular media and that a jamming phase diagram for attractive colloidal particles provides a unifying link between the glass transition, gelation, and aggregation. , 2000). Microgravity experiments on colloids were motivated by the emerging field of colloid engineering and directed self-assembly of mesoscopic structures.

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