Anatomical Terms and their Derivation by F. Peter Lisowski
By F. Peter Lisowski
Anatomical phrases are the vocabulary of medication. Anatomy begun as a descriptive technological know-how within the days whilst Latin was once the common clinical language. Early anatomists defined the buildings they observed in that language, evaluating them to universal and favourite items, or borrowing phrases from the Greek and Arabic masters ahead of them. In anatomic terminology, universal Latin or Greek phrases are used as such for any a part of the physique for which the ancients had a reputation. for plenty of different constructions, medical names were invented both by utilizing yes classical phrases which seem to be descriptive of the half involved, or typically, by way of combining Greek or Latin roots to shape a brand new compound time period. Memorization of such phrases with out realizing their that means can result in psychological indigestion.
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Disc. Distal. Diverticulum. Dorsal. Duct. Ductule. Duodenum. G. dis, double, + gaster, belly. L. dis, apart, + gerere, to carry. L. discus, disc. L. distare, to stand apart. L. divertere, to turn aside. L. dorsum, back. L. ducere, to lead or draw. L. ducere, to lead, dim. L. duodeni, twelve (meaning twelve fingerbreadths). Ejaculatory. Emboliformis. Embolus. Endometrium. Endothelium. Epididymis. Epigastrium. Epiploic. Epispadias. Erector. Exomphalos. Excretion. Extravasation. Extrinsic. Exudate.
Calcaneus. Calcar. Calcification. Capsule. Caput (pl. capita). Cauda, caudal. Cingulum. Circumflex. Collateral. Comes. Comitans (pl. comitantes). Commissure. Communicans. Condyle. Coxa. Crista. Cruciate. Crus (pl. crura). Cuboid. Cuneiform. L. calcaneus, heel. L. calcar, spur. L. calx, lime, + facere, to make. L. dim. of capsa, box. L. caput, head. L. cauda, tail. L. cingulum, girdle. L. circum, around, + flexere, to bend. L. con, together, + latus, side. L. comes, companion. L. comitari, to accompany.
Scalene. Scaphoid. Scapula. Sesamoid. Sinister. Somatic. Somite. Spina. Sternum. Supination. Supinator. Supraspinatus. Synapse. Synarthrosis. 26 Nov. 1, 2006 22:28 SPI-B431 Anatomical Terms and their Derivation Upperlimb FA Terms Important in the Upper Limb Synchrondosis. Syndesmosis. Synergy. Synostosis. Synovia. G. syn, together, + chondros, cartilage. G. syn, together, + desmosis, band. G. syn, together, + ergon, work. G. syn, together, + osteon, bone. G. syn, together, + ovum, egg. Tendon. Tensor.