Aborigines & activism : race & the coming of the sixties to by Jennifer Clark
By Jennifer Clark
This is often an enticing research of the tales of racial awakening in Australia that marked the arrival of the 'wind of change'. via rigorous study, the writer indicates how supporters of Indigenous Australians and their struggles for equality driven Australia into the 60s - actually and figuratively. The publication additionally places the Australian adventure of the 60s into a global viewpoint, portrayed as particular yet no longer in isolation. learn more... summary: this can be an enticing research of the tales of racial awakening in Australia that marked the arriving of the 'wind of change'. via rigorous learn, the writer indicates how supporters of Indigenous Australians and their struggles for equality driven Australia into the 60s - actually and figuratively. The ebook additionally places the Australian adventure of the 60s into a global standpoint, portrayed as special yet now not in isolation
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For Menzies and Verwoerd, domestic jurisdiction was a guiding principle and a primary defence. ⁴⁹ While Menzies chose a legalistic, even pedantic path, others such as Dr Jim Cairns from the Labor left were dissatisﬁed by the conciliatory eﬀect of that stand. Cairns had enjoyed successful careers ﬁrstly in the Victorian Police Force and then as Senior Lecturer in Economic History at the University of Melbourne before entering politics in 1955. 26 Sharpeville and the Challenge to Domestic Jurisdiction Cairns’ application to join the Communist Party was rejected because they suspected him of being an agent of the police, but he transferred his socialist and Marxist views into powerful advocacy for the Labor left.
Whether feared by government or promoted by Aborigines and their white supporters, the internationalisation of Aboriginal aﬀairs had begun by 1961 in three main ways. First, Aboriginal welfare was discussed overseas as a result of open acts of publicity consciously initiated from Australia, such as Doreen Trainor’s letters. This appeal to world opinion was continued as a protest tactic throughout the 60s and was perfectly consistent with Chalmers’ claim that one of the characteristics of the 1960s was the movement to reduce parochialism and obtain a broader, national or international consensus on matters of morality.
The order in which members were asked to speak meant that India took the lead against South Africa, supported by Diefenbaker and President Ayub of Pakistan. By the time Menzies spoke, the trend was conﬁrmed and his appeal against judgement on domestic matters was defeated. Menzies in particular commented on Macmillan’s draft communiqué that contained the words ‘racial discrimination’. ’ Menzies was on his own—almost. ’ ⁹⁸ Although the pull of traditional institutions remained strong for the new members of the Commonwealth, the sensibilities triggered by racial issues and decolonisation and the pressure they brought to bear, were very powerful.