A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the by William Ward
By William Ward
William Ward's account of the Hindu groups between whom he served as a Baptist missionary in Serampore in West Bengal was once first released in 1811 and reprinted during this 3rd version in 1817. It was once a really influential paintings that formed British perspectives of the newly outlined entity of 'Hinduism' within the early 19th century. Ward and his fellow missionaries promoted social reforms and schooling, constructing the Serampore project Press in 1800 and Serampore collage in 1818. Ward committed two decades to compiling his examine of Hindu literature, heritage, mythology and faith, which was once ultimately released in 4 volumes. It supplied richly designated details, and used to be considered as authoritative for the following fifty years. it really is nonetheless an immense resource for researchers in components together with Indian heritage, British colonialism, Orientalism and spiritual reports. quantity four contains translations from Hindu sacred texts and philosophical writings, and Ward's personal reflections on schooling.
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Extra info for A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the Hindoos, Volume 4: Including a Minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from their Principal Works
36. « Ugustyu, p. 33. v Enfield. On the HINDOO PHILOSOPHY. ' Plato seems to express a similar opinion, when he attributes all the evils of the present state to matter; that is, union to matter. "1 Here we have the doctrine that matter, &c. were created; and VeduVasii adds, ' The universe was formed from vacuum, air, fire, water, and earth. 'r In. "1 Enfield says, that the Persians, the Indians, the Egyptians, and all the celebrated Grecian philosophers, held, that principles were the first of all things.
Still we must remind the reader, that it was not the grossness or absurdity of image worship that offended the Hindoo sages; they aspired to a state of abstraction from earthly things which was beyond the reach of the vulgar, and Which they proudly expected would elevate them to a perfect union with the deity, leaving the gods and their worshippers in a state of subjection to death, and to transmigration through every reptile form. Respecting the state of man in this tvorld the Hindoo philosophers appear to have taught, that all men are born under the influence of the merit or demerit of actions performed in some prior state ;2 and that the preponderance of merit or demerit in these actions regulates the quantity of each of the three qualities (goonus) in each individual, viz.
Kupilii, page 125. y Page 147. On the HINDOO PHILOSOPHY. xix a mystery, peculiar to divine revelation, should be discovered by them : the only semblance of this doctrine is found in the three created gods, Brumha, Vishnoo and Shivu, and to these three gods are assigned the affairs of the whole universe, as comprised in the work of creation, preservation, and destruction. These form the Supreme Government, and all the other gods are the subordinate officers of government, judges, magistrates, constables, &c.