A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of by Thomas Lehmann
By Thomas Lehmann
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Additional info for A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication)
G. vit-aa-tu. This form is interpreted as referring to future time or expressing habituality. In addition, it is used both with singular and plural subjects. To compensate for the lack of the other forms of the paradigm and to express other tenses like past and present, Tamil uses two defective auxiliary verbs maattu 'will' and il 'be not', both of which follow a lexical main verb inflected for infinitive. The auxiliary verb maattu is inflected for the negative according to the pattern of (143), except for the forms inflected for third person, singular and plural number, and neuter gender since these forms are realized by the simple form verb stem + -aa + -tu.
He increased') -ntu vs. g. tiru-ntu 'become correct' tiru-ttu 'correct (something)' -mpu vs. g. nira-mpu 'be full' nira-ppu 'fill' -tu vs. g. g. g. tiru-mpu 'turn' and tiru-ppu 'turn'. An alternative analysis is given in Stever (1983:80). A form like tirumpu or tiruppu is regarded as one morph, which realizes two morphemes: the root morpheme and the voice morpheme. According to this analysis, the complex structure of a simple verb stem (103) would only be on an underlying level. g. tirumpu or tiruppu.
The sociative case suffix -ootu, but not the bound postposition -utan, can also express a number of other concepts—some of them only with a restricted number of nouns and predicates. 20 Locative case There are two case markers for the locative case: the case suffix -// and the bound postposition -itam. They have, however, not identical distribution. Whereas the case suffix -II occurs both with inanimate and animate nouns (the latter only when plural), the bound postposition -itam occurs only with animate nouns.