A grammar of Lavukaleve: A Papuan Language of the Solomon by Angela Terrill
By Angela Terrill
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Extra info for A grammar of Lavukaleve: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands
The word mina ÔthingÕ becomes minamina ÔeverythingÕ. Similarly lafa ÔplaceÕ when reduplicated is lafalafa Ôevery placeÕ. With some verbs reduplication can give an iterative meaning, and can imply random action: veo ÔarriveÕ veoveo Ôkeep touching atÕ, kini ÔsmellÕ kinikini Ôkeep sniffing aroundÕ. With adverbs it can give an intensified meaning: karial ÔslowlyÕ karialkarial Ôvery slowlyÕ. It does not always have a semantic function however: there is no meaning difference between telako ÔoneÕ and tetelako ÔoneÕ.
Ashore -i -PSV He went ashore. 12) Ofei. up -i -PSV He went up. 4 for discussion of this construction type. 4 CHANGE IN VOWEL QUALITY There are two morphophonemic processes that change vowel quality. The first is an assimilation process involving the Nominaliser suffix -e~-i. The second is a process which changes the last vowel of an utterance when it is being called out. 36 2 - PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOPHONOLOGY A SSIMILATION WITH THE NOMINALISER SUFFIX -E~-I The Nominaliser suffix -e~-i assimilates in quality with the final vowel of the verb stem: The suffix is realised as: -e after a stem-final -a or -o -i after a stem-final -u -¿ after a stem-final -e or -i For example: honia lo iru ve lei ÔknowÕ ÔfinishÕ ÔsleepÕ ÔgoÕ ÔbeÕ honia-e lo-e iru-i ve-¿ lei-¿ ÔknowledgeÕ ÔendÕ ÔsleepingÕ Ôway, methodÕ Ôbeing, existenceÕ The first two realisations of the Nominaliser suffix are simply due to a process of assimilation.
3 HEARING STRESS VERSUS IDENTICAL-VOWEL SEQUENCES It was said above that stress is realised as a longer and louder syllable. 5 above). Because of the association between length and stress, and the partly unpredictable nature of stress, it is sometimes a difficult matter in individual words to decide if a vowel sound is long because it is stressed, or long because it is a sequence of two identical vowels. For some words morphophonemic tests can be applied to distinguish between the two analyses.