A cognitive linguistic analysis of the English imperative : by Hidemitsu Takahashi

By Hidemitsu Takahashi

1. record of figures, pics; 2. record of tables, pxi; three. Abbreviations, pxiii; four. Acknowledgments, pxv-xvii; five. 1. advent, p1-20; 6. 2. staring at English imperatives in motion, p21-56; 7. three. The which means of the English central, p57-92; eight. four. Accounting for a number of the findings in bankruptcy 2 and the alternative among imperatives and oblique directives, p93-119; nine. five. combined valuable structures: Passive, revolutionary, and perfective imperatives in English, p121-135; 10. 6. Conditional imperatives in English, p137-171; eleven. 7. English imperatives in concessive clauses, p173-196; 12. eight. jap imperatives, p197-219; thirteen. nine. Conclusions and clients, p221-224; 14. References, p225-236; 15. info resources, p237; sixteen. identify index, p239-240; 17. topic index, p241-242

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Extra info for A cognitive linguistic analysis of the English imperative : with special reference to Japanese imperatives

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It is argued that this finding can be explained in terms of the command form sitemiro’s ability to depart radically from the conception of imperative prototype. In Chapter 9, I close by summarizing the main findings and claims as well as pointing out implications for future research. 1 Schema of the English imperative As we have observed in Examples (1) to (3), the meaning of imperative form cannot simply be reduced to the abstract category of directive force, since it may evoke non-directive meaning.

Geeraerts 1988; Schmid 2000). However, recent research finds that this is not necessarily the case, since frequency and cognitive salience do not always coincide (cf. Sinclair 1991; Gries, Hampe, and Schönefeld 2005; Gilquin 2006). According to Table 2-1, the most frequent verbs in imperatives correspond to many of the verbs cited in reference grammar dictionaries. In Oxford Guide to English grammar (John Eastwood 1994: 31), for example, the imperative is exemplified by the sentences Come in, Read the instructions carefully, Do not remove this book from the library, Don’t make so much fuss, Do be careful, Get out your books, please, Just keep still a moment, Don’t tell anyone about this and Stop (as a sign).

In my data, the combinations let me Table 2-5. The indirect object of let in imperatives vs. 6%) 37 38 A Cognitive Linguistic Analysis of the English Imperative guess, let me check, and let me think (about it) were also common. In addition, let me tell you serves to organize discourse in a somewhat different way: (19) a. “… We didn’t know anybody was inside until later when we put down the fire and found the two bodies. ”  (Sky, p. 178) b. ” Finnerty asked the monsignor. “How well? ” The monsignor’s brow furrowed.

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