A Billion Trips a Day: Tradition and Transition in European by Piet H. L. Bovy , Jean-Pierre Orfeuil Ilan Salomon
By Piet H. L. Bovy , Jean-Pierre Orfeuil Ilan Salomon
A Billion journeys an afternoon: culture and Transition in eu TravelPatterns involves twenty-four unique chapters constructed by means of a community of shipping execs in a coordinated demeanour. the 3 components of the ebook are: ecu Mobility styles; Dimensions of ecu Mobility, and nationwide views. Mobility in fourteen nations is defined and ten chapters of research examine the main dimensions of commute throughout Europe, that's visible as a laboratory for shipping regulations.
A Billion journeys an afternoon: culture and Transition in ecu TravelPatterns questions the individuality of ecu commute and shipping rules and demonstrates that, in lots of methods, Europe isn't the same as different built economies. although, there are aspect dissimilarities inside Europe. The authors take a deep examine the underlying components which have an effect on go back and forth habit, with the target of supplying the mandatory info for coverage making. The comparative chapters of half II supply an research in line with nationwide views of the position of the time size shuttle; car possession and use; commuting; public shipping; and overseas shuttle. additionally they overview the delivery rules utilized in Europe, explaining why a few rules paintings in a few areas, whereas failing in others.
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Additional resources for A Billion Trips a Day: Tradition and Transition in European Travel Patterns
Bory, Orfeuil & Zumkeller 25 The car cost structure in a country strongly affects the fleet composition in terms of fuel types, engine size, weight and ages of automobiles as well as fleet use (annual kilometrage per car). It appears that these pricing differences between countries lead to a completely different pattern of car ownership and use. For example, low ownership combined with a high kilometrage per car in Denmark, whereas a high level of ownership of small, fuel-efficient cars with a relatively low kilometrage per car in ltaly.
4 Decomposition of average annual growth in total car and train travel (1970-1985) by key background factors. K. Denmark Neth. Belg. Lux. Ire!. 9 Bovy, Orfeuil & Zumkeller 29 There are clear differences in mobility growth in the period 1970-1985 between the countries, with France leading both in high car and high train travel figures [ECMT, 1990]. Population dynamics has had a positive impact on personal mobility, both by car and train, in all countries. g. West-Germany) the ageing process yields a significant increase in mobility.
3 %) by a significant margin. 0% per annum) is slightly higher than that of personal mobility by car: the car occupancy rates are on a decreasing trend, in relation to decreasing household's sizes and increase in multi-car ownership, with three exceptions only: Denmark and Italy, two countries with high car related costs, and UK, probably related to the decrease of the public transport supply and patronage. Looking at each country separately, or at specific clusters, reveals interesting differences: The growth of personal mobility is lower in Central or Northem Europe than in Mediterranean countries.